- Download PDF Rechtsextremismus, Rassismus und Antisemitismus in Comics (German Edition)
- RASSISMUS UND ANTISEMITISMUS IN Original (PDF)
- The normality of terror - Comics about the Second World War: Goethe-Institut
Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. The victory of a Christian coalition over Ottoman forces besieging Vienna in marked the beginning of the end of the Ottoman presence in Central and Eastern Europe and the simultaneous rise of the Habsburg Empire in this region.
Memories of these events still circulate in present-day Vienna and provide an emotional reservoir for anti-Turkish sentiments. Current tendencies to fictionalise politics support the dissemination of such anti-Turkish narratives in rather unconventional and hybrid genres such as comic-style booklets. By combining multimodal analysis with the discourse—historical approach in critical discourse analysis, they illustrate the ways in which visuals enable the conveying of contradictory meanings through a discursive strategy of calculated ambivalence by blurring past and present, fiction and reality.
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Download PDF Rechtsextremismus, Rassismus und Antisemitismus in Comics (German Edition)
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- Historical and Current Development of Migration to and from Germany | bpb.
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RASSISMUS UND ANTISEMITISMUS IN Original (PDF)
Vienna : Deuticke , — Google Scholar. Barker, M. Manchester : Manchester University Press.
The normality of terror - Comics about the Second World War: Goethe-Institut
Blair, A. In: Hill, A. Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum , 41 — Campbell, B. Jackson : University Press of Mississippi. Google Scholar Crossref. Costello, M. London : Continuum. De Cillia, R, Wodak, R. Innsbruck : Studienverlag. Die Presse Der liebe Augustin war nicht blau. Die Presse, 29 September : Duncan, R, Smith, M. Eder, K. European Journal of Social Theory 12 4 : — Eerden, B.
https://trumviclele.cf In: Forceville, C. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter , — Eisner, W. Engel, J, Wodak, R. In: De Cillia, R. Innsbruck : Studienverlag , 79 — In: Wodak, R. London : Routledge. Falter, 6 October : Strache im Comic gegen Mustafa, Herr Kickl? Falter, 29 September : 9. Our initial observation was confirmed when we discussed the interview in sequence and in detail. She refers to these dimensions when she describes the medical examinations she and the other applicants were subjected to at the recruitment office in Istanbul under German supervision, the conditions of the train ride, of work and housing, and the relations of Germans towards her and the other immigrant women laborers.
While her narrative contains reproaches and accusations for what she was made to endure and suffer, she mitigates the account with comic episodes, punch lines and outside perspectives. She communicates her experiences to her interviewers not primarily as a victim of the hardship of contract labor, but equally as a witness to social injustice.
In other words, she would want them to understand her story, and she would want them to gain an understanding through her story of the situations and conditions of immigrant workers in Germany, specifically of women workers.
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She understands what happened to her within a larger social context, and this is where she bears witness to exploitation and discrimination, even when, or especially when her tone is light and joking to enable her listeners to follow with empathy and comprehension. Giving an implicit and explicit social commentary as well as bearing witness against injustice can be characterized as key activities and central concerns of the narrator.
Even though migration is by no means a new phenomenon in Europe, since World War II it has given rise to political debates and legislative action in Western Europe. We briefly want to map out some of the most significant aspects in which German post World War II migration history differs from other Western European countries. For example, in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and in France, migration was a result of the de-colonization process that originated in the collapse of old empires and led to significant changes of state borders as well as a re-definition of national identities.
As each empire had created its own colonial system of hierarchical "belonging," the question of who had to be admitted to the "motherland" became a question for all state bureaucracies of the nations involved. Admission was often based on perceived differences between those who "belonged" or "fit in," and therefore were assumed to be capable of assimilation, and those who did not belong because of real or imagined cultural and ethnic differences LUTZ, Although the selection criteria on the whole were following racist biases, it nevertheless became clear that the composition of the population had changed for good—it was only a question of time to acknowledge the presence of an "ethnic" in Dutch terms or "racial" in British terms diversification of the population 8.
A look at migration development in post war Germany shows that diversification of the population has only very recently been acknowledged in debates and legislation. Broad social acceptance of diversification still has a long way to go, as in all European countries. This assumes that nationality and culture are inherited from the parents. The ius sanguinis principle, which is at the heart of the citizenship debate in Germany, is contrasted with the ius soli principle supported by the French republican tradition, according to which migrants have the right to citizenship after a certain period of residence in a nation state, and that children are considered nationals if they are born in the country.
The migration process of the ethnic Germans was seen as re-settlement, an act of repatriation to the "fatherland" of their ancestors, from which some of them had been absent for more than years. The most significant difference between this post-war immigration flow and the simultaneous "guest-workers-immigration"—involving the recruitment of workers from Italy in the s and from Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Greece, Portugal, Morocco and Tunisia in the s—was the fact that ethnic Germans were granted citizenship from the very day of their entry, while this possibility was and still is denied to the majority of the labor migrants and their children 9.
Instead, "guest-work" was perceived as a temporary phenomenon, as a system completely centered on the needs of the labor market. Therefore the recruitment of "guest-workers" was intended to be rational. Adhering strictly to a rotation system, however, proved to be undesirable and too complicated for many employers, since a new workforce always needed extra time to become acquainted with the work. In addition, it was usual to recruit workers' family members in order to reduce expenses, thus to avoid the fee of DM per recruited worker the companies had to pay to the German employment office.
Of these migrants, As a result of the oil crisis, Germany as well as other Western European states stopped the official recruitment in Unintended and undesired by the German state, the halt in recruitment was followed by a settlement process: many "guest-workers" became immigrants, despite the fact that they were denied citizenship rights by the German state.
After , the main way to acquire admission became the so-called family reunion-regulation granted to workers' children and spouses It is striking, however, that at the same time, another immigration flow was not banned but officially facilitated: between and , another 1. Looking back at the development of immigration to Germany, it has to be stressed that no other country in the world has experienced comparable immigration after World War II, consisting of the immigration of "ethnic" Germans as well as the guest-worker-immigration.
For both flows there were different regimes, different citizenship treatments and different integration procedures. Contrary to other European states which faced considerable immigration movements and actively dealt with their consequences for at least three decades, Germany's development can be characterized as a " Sonderweg ," in which immigration and diversification of the population was de-emphasized or negatively evaluated rather than focused upon in realistic and accepting ways.
This is not only true for politics and policy making, but also for much of social science research on the topic of immigration and its dominant "problem consensus," particularly on immigrants and their families from Turkey. The social science discourse on immigrants from Turkey can be reread as a history of constructing "images of the other," by emphasizing "differences" while at the same time ignoring "sameness.